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'Syrian Regime Is Responsible,' White House Says Of Attack

In Aleppo, Syria, on Monday, this Free Syrian Army fighter stood in the rubble of a building that has collapsed during fighting there.
In Aleppo, Syria, on Monday, this Free Syrian Army fighter stood in the rubble of a building that has collapsed during fighting there.

(We added a new top to this post at 1:15 p.m. ET.)

"Anyone who approaches this logically" would conclude that the regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad is responsible for last week's chemical weapons attack near Damascus that reportedly left hundreds dead and thousands more injured, White House spokesman Jay Carney told reporters early Tuesday afternoon.

His sharp words came on day when speculation about the likelihood of U.S.-led missile strikes on Syria increased. While the U.S. has concluded — even as it continues to examine the evidence — that Assad's forces are to blame for the attack, Carney said President Obama is still considering "the appropriate response."

From 'Morning Edition': Diplomat Frederic Hof speaks with David Greene about the crisis in Syria

Our original post and earlier updates:

The Obama administration expects to formally declare Tuesday that Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime used chemical weapons against its own people last week, The Associated Press is reporting. Then, word of how the U.S. is responding — almost surely with some type of military action — is "likely to follow quickly," the AP adds.

The wire service says it's getting those tips from "two administration officials ... [who] insisted on anonymity because they were not authorized to publicly discuss the internal deliberations." NPR has not independently confirmed the news.

This follows Monday's stern words from Secretary of State John Kerry, who said that while evidence is still being collected, "despite the excuses and equivocations that some have manufactured, it is undeniable" that chemical weapons killed hundreds of Syrians and injured thousands more last week near Damascus. It is the Assad regime, Kerry said, that "maintains custody of these chemical weapons ... [and] has the capacity to do this with rockets."

The AP report also follows the shift we reported about Monday — from what had been a discussion of "whether" the U.S. and its allies would respond militarily to a discussion of "when" and "how."

That discussion continued Tuesday on Morning Edition, when Ambassador Frederic Hof — a former Obama administration special representative on Syria who is now a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East — told host David Greene that President Obama now basically has no choice but to take military action.

Because Obama has said that using chemical weapons would be a "red line" that the Assad regime should not cross, the credibility of both the U.S. and the president are now at stake, Hof says. The most likely action the U.S. will take, Hof and other experts say, is to fire missiles at military targets inside Syria.

Obama has "a range of options available," Hof believes, from a "limited, largely symbolic strike perhaps against a target related to chemical weapons" that might just exacerbate America's "credibility problem" if they're seen as being too weak, to an "intense, sustained series of attacks against regime delivery systems."

Also Tuesday, there's word from Damascus that U.N. inspectors who are investigating the reports of chemical weapons use won't resume their work until Wednesday. Their first day on the ground was Monday.

Syrian officials also pledged Tuesday that they would use "all available means" to defend the country against any missile strikes.

About 100,000 people — most of them civilians — are thought to have been killed since protests against the Assad regime began in the spring of 2011 and a civil war followed. Millions more have fled their homes.

Update at 1:05 p.m. ET. "Syrian Regime Is Responsible," White House Spokesman Says:

Saying that "there is no doubt here that chemical weapons were used ... on a massive scale on Aug. 21 outside of Damascus," White House spokesman Jay Carney just added that "for anyone who approaches this logically," it's clear that "the Syrian regime is responsible."

President Obama, Carney said, is still considering "the appropriate response."

Update at 12:15 p.m. ET. "It's Imminent," Senator Says Of Military Action:

"I do think it's imminent, and I think it's going to be happening in a very short period of time," Sen. Bob Corker, R-Tenn., tellsHere & Now, about the likelihood of a U.S. strike on Syria. He's the ranking Republican on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

Update at 8:45 a.m. ET. "We Are Ready To Go," Hagel Says:

The Pentagon has given President Obama "all options for all contingencies," Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel tells the BBC.

"He has seen them, we are prepared. ... We are ready to go," if the order is given, Hagel added.

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Mark Memmott is NPR's supervising senior editor for Standards & Practices. In that role, he's a resource for NPR's journalists – helping them raise the right questions as they do their work and uphold the organization's standards.